20 Then God said, “Let the waters teem with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the open expanse of the heavens.” 21 God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; and God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. 24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth after their kind”; and it was so. 25 God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good (Genesis 1.20-25).
Introduction: The Science That Never Was
No scientific evidence exists for evolution. By evolution I mean the idea that changes have occurred in organisms over time to produce new species and that life began from a common ancestor. When I state no evidence exists to support evolution I mean exactly this. I do not mean evidence is weak in some areas or lacking in others. I mean no scientific evidence exists period. None. Nada. Zero. Zilch. This was true in Darwin’s day and nothing has changed in 150 years.
What I do not mean by evolution is the scientific fact that changes occur within species. Darwin observed that beak sizes varied among finches. In this, Darwin was practicing science. Everyone knows such changes occur. This is known as microevolution and has been observed for thousands of years. It is science.
What is Evolution?
Since evolution has no scientific support, what is it? Evolution is myth, ideology, religion, or philosophy. Take your pick. What it is not is science. When evolutionists talk about science in relation to evolution they use microevolution (which everyone has observed and agrees happens) as evidence for evolution. And, invariably evolutionist “proof” exits the realm of science into metaphysics and teleology.
To give one a sense of how evolutionists think is a quotation by Richard Lewontin, a Harvard evolutionary biologist:
Our willingness to accept scientific claims that are against common sense is the key to an understanding of the real struggle between science and the supernatural. We take the side of science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in spite of its failure to fulfill many of its extravagant promises of health and life, in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated just-so stories, because we have a prior commitment, a commitment to materialism. It is not that the methods and institutions of science somehow compel us to accept material explanation of the phenomenal world, but, on the contrary, that we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts that produce material explanations, no matter how counterintuitive, no matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.1
This is not science. It is ideology and politics. In theological language, it is idolatry.
What is Known by Science
The Bible is important in any discussion about the origin and progression of life for it is God’s revelation of reality. The Bible is a scientific book. Its record can be falsified by observation. We observe that species adapt, mutate, and variate. This is exactly what the Bible has declared. We produce seedless grapefruit. We breed sheepdogs. We observe numerous changes can occur within a species. But we also observe that boundaries exist. One species does not become another species. This is what the Bible asserts.
Gregor Mendel founded the science of genetics. Mendel discovered through experimentation the hereditary boundaries the Bible has revealed. Though Darwin and Mendel were contemporaries, Darwin had no scientific understanding of genetics. The evolutionary family trees Darwin created were imagined. He had no scientific basis for them.
Another area in which the Bible is confirmed as science is the Bible’s statement that all biological life was created within a 3 day period. We observe that lifeforms go out of existence. We do not observe them coming into existence. This fits with what the Bible declares. God created all biologic life at a point in time and ceased creating. If evolution were true, we should see new life forms coming into existence. We don’t. We observe species going out of existence. This is because God ceased creating after day six. The biblical record is verified and evolution falsified.
Proofs of Evolution
Evolutionists have proposed varying proofs for evolution. The problem with these proofs is that the arguments used can just as easily prove creation. Representative proofs of evolution are some of the following:
1. Evolutionists maintain we have a universal genetic code. So do creationists. The evolutionist claims the universal genetic code is evidence of a common ancestor from which all life descended. Is this a valid conclusion? It is one interpretation. But it fails upon further examination. It is better explained that God created or programmed living creatures to have similar characteristics. All watches have numbers or dials. But all watches did not spring from a common ancestor. Rather, each watch or watch type was designed after a common design. Even if someone demonstrated all watches came from a common source, they would also discover they came into existence by a watchmaker. And watches are a lot less complex than single-celled organisms.
Evolutionists expand such reasoning into the areas of morphology, cytology, pathology, etc. But again, equally strong arguments can be made that similar morphologies, cytologies, and pathologies demonstrate creation. The same may be said of natural selection, variations, and mutations. Evolutionist arguments work equally well in a creation model.
2. Evolutionists claim the fossil record shows that the simplest fossils are found in the oldest rocks and a smooth and gradual transition exists from one form of life to another. But fossils are regularly found “out-of-place” in the geologic column. To complicate matters, “living fossils” remain relatively unchanged throughout their history. Then there is that nasty matter of the Cambrian explosion. Embarrassing.
Lasciate Ogne Prova, Voi Ch’entrate (Abandon All Evidence Ye Who Enter Here)
or Problems of Evolution
1. One problem is the fossil data. No transitional forms exist. Darwin was aware this lacuna posed a significant problem for his theory. But he reasoned, given time, transitional forms would be discovered. They have not. Darwin should have recognized this was not a problem more time would resolve. We have millions of species. For Darwinism to be true we should find billions of transitional forms for each species in the fossil record. The vast spectrum of living creatures would require septillions of transitional forms. We have none.
2. Another problem is the origin life. How does life come from non-life? No scientific evidence exists which show this occurs. People used to believe in spontaneous generation in which life came from non-life. No one believes this anymore. Except evolutionists. They believe life came from non-life. They believe. They have no scientific evidence. They have entered the realm of metaphysics.
3. A third problem is design. We observe incredibly diverse and complex designs in living organisms. How did this happen? By chance? By natural selection? William Paley’s watchmaker analogy remains unrefuted. Complex design requires a designer. Watch birds. They hurtle and suddenly brake into a mass of leafy branches to land deftly on a tiny limb. Think of the telemetry required. Our most brilliant computer, mechanical, and electrical engineers have no clue how to replicate this technology. Give scientists $100 billion. Tell them to develop this technology. They will fail. It is far, far beyond man’s intelligent design skill. Yet we are to believe such incredible capability happened by chance and random selection. Does anyone believe a million monkeys with paint kits would in a billion years paint a Mona Lisa? Or a Charlie Brown cartoon? If that is not enough, read the evolutionary explanation of bird flight. It is at the same scientific level as belief the earth is upheld by a giant turtle.
4. Another problem is the observational data. Examination of living organisms reveals kind produces kind.2 Variations occur. Mutations occur. But kind always produces kind. Transmutations do not occur. A dog always produces a dog. A cat is a cat. A bird is a bird. A horse is a horse, of course, of course. We find no counter-examples in history. And beyond human history, the fossil record confirms this. It reveals millions of different kinds. Each is fully formed. None is transitional. It has been that way for millennia and it’s going to stay that way. No transitional forms will ever be found because God did not design life in this manner.
The first chapter of Genesis records God’s declaration that He created animal life after their kind (Genesis 1.20-25). This was also true for the vegetable kingdom (Genesis 1.11-13). God built biological systems with marvelous sophistication, complexity, and adaptability. He designed and programmed them to adapt to different conditions. Even at the cellular and lower levels we find immense complexity. God put limits on the design program so that kind always produces kind. No genetic mutations or processes have every been observed that increase information in the genome. That is science. This is what we see. We do not observe kinds crossing their programmed boundaries. We do not find transmutations. Transmutations are the magical mystery tour of evolutionists. They are the stuff of myth, and bad sci-fi, not science. Evolutionary scientists (an oxymoronic term) are the tailors of the emperor’s new clothes for evolution is a suit made from whole cloth.
5. Mathematics kills evolution. Scientists have proven the universe had a beginning. Given the complexity of life, mathematicians have demonstrated insufficient time exists to make the evolutionary changes and variations we see. Even if the universe were a million times older than it is it could not happen. The probabilities are too vast. One has a better chance winning the powerball lottery a billion times in a row than for life to emerge through random selection. Stephen J. Gould, the Harvard evolutionist, recognized the problem and introduced the idea of punctiliar equilibrium: evolution by leaps and bounds. But again, we confront that nagging problem: no evidence.
6. Whence morality? How does evolution explain man’s moral nature? Morality is universal. Societies and cultures may have different particular laws but everyone agrees it is wrong to steal, to lie, to murder, etc.
7. What about the mind? How did intelligence form? How do mind and body interact? What about sex? The simplest organisms reproduce asexually. How did sex come into being? What about language? Man is the only biological creature with a language of syntax and grammar. What about love? How does evolution explain love? It cannot. Why is man the only creature who worships God? Evolution provides no answers to these questions. Evolution provides no answers to man’s deepest questions: Who am I? What is my purpose? Where happens when I die? We could go on but the case is made. Why beat a dead horse? Any one of the above points is a mortal wound to evolution.
Why This Essay?
This essay is written for two reasons. The first is to make you think. When evolutionists present scientific facts they are facts which are useless in proving evolution. They make assumptions and present them as scientific proof for evolution. Assumption is not observation. The only scientific evidence useful to prove evolution is a biological record of transitional and transmutational forms. Everything else is smoke and mirrors.
In the early, heady days of evolutionary theory, evolutionists argued scientific facts supported evolution. Such “facts” have proved wanting. They do not exist. As more scientific investigation in the life sciences has occurred, scientific evidence for evolution has become increasingly elusive. As a result, to preserve the myth, evolutionists increasingly rely on propaganda, intimidation, and law courts to impose their will.
Evolutionists are the kind of people to whom theory is dearer than fact. Darwinism is a 150 year old moribund theory. Evolution is a just-so-story, a world-myth, an imagineered Jedi-mind trick. Delusion.
The second reason for this essay is because of Jesus’ words to the Jews of His day. He said if they would not believe Moses, they would not believe Him (John 5.45-47). Moses wrote that God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1.1) and fashioned the earth in six days (Genesis 1.3-31; Exodus 20.11). Moses wrote that God created a man, Adam, and a woman, Eve. One who will not believe Moses is unlikely to believe the words of Jesus, who has the words of eternal life (John 6.68). Trust God. Whoever believes in Him will not be disappointed (Romans 10.11).
1 Lewontin, Richard. “Billions and Billions of Demons,” The New York Review, 9 January 1997, p. 31.
2 The Hebrew word in Genesis for “kind” is מִין and means “kind,” “sort,” “species.” It is always expressed as לְמִינָהּ ,לְמִינֵהוּ ,לְמִינֹו “according to its kind.”
©2013 Don Samdahl. Anyone is free to reproduce this material and distribute it, but it may not be sold.